When starting a homestead there are some crucial things to be considered before going into the act and making it work. Everything in this world requires adequate and prior planning and if you start anything without proper planning it is highly likely that the results would not be satisfactory.
Similarly when starting a homestead there is some prior and adequate planning that needs to be done, it will minimize the risk of mistakes and can make your homestead a huge success. Some of the crucial things to consider when starting a homestead are discussed as under.
Power, Water and Waste
When going for a homestead these three things i.e. power water and waste are the most crucial things to be considered. For power generation you can opt for solar or hydro plants instead of going for the electricity company. In this way you will be able to produce your own electricity and contribute in energy saving.
The water options should also be in abundance, two at least. It is a good thing to have a well your piece of land, but what could be just perfect is to have a solar panel attached to the well with a hand pump as backup. There should be constant supply of water and the water in the well may dry up, therefore having access to a secondary source like a stream is important.
How would you heat your house is another question which arises when you are building your own self-sufficient home. A wood stove can be the perfect answer for this need of yours and you will not have to use electricity with it. When building a home there should be proper space to accommodate a woodstove.
How to Store your Food
When you will be producing your own food in abundance there will be a need for the proper storage of that food as well. If this factor is not considered seriously it would make matters worse for you when starting a homestead because you never know for how long you will have to store your food. The best way is to have a basement under the house and use it for all your food storage. If the food is not stored properly there is a chance of it getting rotten within no time.
With what to start
The perennial plants need to be planted in the very beginning before you do anything else on the piece of your land. They take quite a while to produce enough for harvesting and then these will be your edible sources therefore planting them early is a pretty wise thing to do.
Perennial plants to start with
- Fruit trees
- Herbs (culinary and medicinal)
- Prickly pear cactus
- Berry bushes
- Elder berries
- Jerusalem artichokes
- Artichokes etc.
By planting these plants early you have the option of harvesting them at the right time.